Impex Documentation


The Impex Control Center (from here on ICC) is the appliance for fleet management of Impex scanners. These scanners can be USB Protect stations - the physical stations that are kiosks where removable media is handled - and DataLocks - which scans and controls network flows.

This manual will go through the functionality of the ICC explaining how to use it.

The ICC will contain the master configuration for the USB Protect stations and the DataLocks, which is edited using the graphical user interface. The ICC is also receiving scan records and meta data when a check has been performed on an USB Protect station or in a DataLock. If a USB Protect station or a DataLock is configured to send files to the quarantine, the ICC also receives copies of the files that are to be quarantined.

Normally an ICC server is a virtual appliance, but it can also be installed on a physical server.


In the beginning IMPEX stations all had the same configuration and fetched their updates from the same server. When customers started deploying IMPEX stations inside of their infrastructure with different configurations it quickly became apparent that each customer needed their own server with their own settings. The ICC was developed to address this need. It is a web based server component which contains configurations for all Impex scanners within an organization.


The ICC server contains a web application, a web server, a database, several scripts and system timers. It runs tightly integrated with the operating system, a version of Linux1. All components are packaged using the RPM packaging system with signed packages. This mean that all packages gets validated, that they come from the right trusted source repository and that all package content has been intact since its release, i.e. check that it has not been manipulated.

The operating system packages, IMPEX software packages and all anti virus signature updates are synchronized with an upstream repository server which in the common case is These updates are then provided to the IMPEX stations connected via the installed ICC server.

Network Setup

The main update server is hosted by SYSCTL. All customer ICC-servers need to fetch their updates from it. Usually this is done through the company proxy using proxy authentication. The ICC-server will verify the certificate of the remote server and then fetch any available updates. This is done over TLS (HTTPS) and done several times per day.

The IMPEX Stations in turn, connect to their configured ICC-server and fetch their updates from it. This is also done over TLS and they also verify the ICC-server’s certificate before establishing the connection.

To summarize, only port 443 using TCP needs to be open between the network components and only in one direction.

If the malware alert function is to be used the ICC server also needs to be able to connect to a SMTP server specified by the customer.


All time is fetched via the ICC server as well which in turn fetches it from the main repository server. This is also done over the TLS connection.

Overview page

After logging in the first thing shown as a dashboard is a collection of graphs aggregating information on the last 1000 scans.

Overview charts

The overviews show the different USB vendors used, how many stations have been used, a timeline and a grand total of clean files, malware and allowed files2 scanned and found.

Navigation menu

The side navigation is always visible and roughly groups the available functionality of ICC.


The stations page lists all registered and approved stations, each station is represented as a card. When a new IMPEX Station is installed and connected to the network it will first register with its configured ICC server. It will then wait for an administrator to log into the ICC server and click the “Approve” button. This process is explained in detail in the work flow chapter Registering a new IMPEX Station.

Station list

Station Card

Station cards

The station card contains information that can be set by the administrator helping the administrator to identify and locate the station. The fields can be edited in the station detail view.

To edit or view more details about the station and its operations, click View station.

Station Details

Station details (collapsed)

The Station Detail view contains station information and the operations belonging to it. This includes scans, formats and shreds. Here one can edit station information details.

Station details (expanded)

Clicking “Show more details” also shows information about the Scanning Engines used by this station and their status.

Notable fields in the expanded view is explained in the sub chapters

Station name

Here set to, this can be set to any string


The value here is used to set the impex station’s hostname


Link to the configuration used by the station

Daily Token

This link leads to the daily token used for station administration. The token is a password that can be used to login locally on the station by an administrator. We refer to the station operation guide or SYSCTL support for more information on how to login

Daily Logs

This link can be used to download an archive of the system logs from the station. These get uploaded every night

Current task

This gives an option to choose the update frequency the impex station checks for configuration changes and sends scan results to the ICC server.

SSH Public key (DataLock only)

The public SSH key for the station

Current task is also used to reset sides on the Impex station, more about this can be found under reset sides.

The operations listed in the station view are only the scans, formats and shreds associated with the station and will be described in detail in the Station Operations chapter.

Station Operations

The different operations performed by the USB Protect station and the DataLock will get logged and transferred to the ICC server where it is stored as a historic database over actions that have been performed by the different devices and the different users.

In the picture below, you can see the different operations that have been performed by different devices under the control of an ICC.

Operations for a station

When an IMPEX Station is used the operation result is uploaded to the server3. The Operations page shows all scans, formats and shreds from all stations.

Each row is an operation. To see more information, expand the row by clicking it.

Expanded operations view for a station

The expanded view contains detailed information about the operation. Most are self explanatory but these are explained in detail:

This information is especially useful when writing USB device black and whitelists.

Scanning engines used, their DB versions and last updated signatures are also included, as well as IMPEX software version running on the station.

In the case the operation is a Scan operation, the view, including the files, is also available for download as a PDF or as a CSV file by clicking the “View as PDF” or “File list as CSV” button. The PDF report is limited to include a maximum of 1000 files due to the resources used. This is approximately 128 pages and takes about 10 seconds to generate.

To see the actual files belonging to a scan operation, click View files.

In the case of a “Scan Only” operation the USB target fields are empty, otherwise they contain the serial id, vendor and model information for the target USB device.

The source and target USB device fields are useful when creating Device Filters.

ICC Users

This view lists the ICC users. These are the users that can login to the ICC. They can be normal admin accounts, super accounts with Django Admin access and read only accounts. The read only accounts can view everything but change nothing.

ICC User view

To create a new user, click “Create User”. All users created here will have so called staff status, this means they can view, edit and delete everything. If the read only box is checked they can still view everything but they cannot change or delete anything.

“Django Admin” access means that the user can also access the /admin page. This is something that normally is never needed. This view gives raw access to the database behind the ICC and changing anything here can make ICC stop working and thus, the entire fleet of IMPEX scanners connected to it.


Files scanned

This view lists all the scanned files. If one came here through clicking on View Files on the Operations-page they are automatically filtered on the Operation ID.

Each row is a file and by clicking on it, it expands and lists more details:

If you are looking for a specific file, use the “Search” box at the top of the page. Note that this will do a text search on the entire file database.


Configuration cards

This is where the control is in the IMPEX Control Center. Each section is a configuration group setting, configuration card, that can be assigned to a station in the station detail view. The idea is that one has a configuration setting, for example the internal ICS/SCADA environment and then another for the IMPEX stations in the office areas. That is, two configurations but many stations.

In the configuration you specify which scanning engines you want active, which options should be activated in the IMPEX Station, which ICC server to report to. You can also choose which, if any, Device or file filters should be used.

Editing a configuration


Require identification

If this check-box is ticked, the user has to provide identification to use the IMPEX Station. This can be anything (depends on the policy set by the company). If the user wants a scan report it needs to be an email address. Note that the ICC admin must have configured SMTP correctly for this to work and also ticked the box “Send scan reports”.

Send Scan Reports

An email of the scan result is sent to the entered identification. This is only possible if the station has “Require identification” enabled. If the station is a Datalock Impex Station, the identification is taken from the linked contact in the SSH key used for uploading the scan.

Upload File Meta Info

This uploads the Scan, Format, Shred and Files meta information that are listed below the Operations and Files menus. This is needed for statistics and audit trails. There are use cases when files names and checksums should be kept private in which case this can be turned off for that IMPEX Station Configuration.

If this is enabled and a receipt printer is attached, a scan will result in a printed receipt containing a summary of the scan together with its unique scan number

Show Format Option

Enable this if it should be allowed to use the IMPEX Station to format a USB device with the FAT32 or EXFAT file system. When enabled, a new button will appear on the IMPEX Station when a single USB drive is inserted.

Show Shred Option

Enable this if it should be allowed to use the IMPEX Station to shred a USB device. When enabled, a new button will appear on the IMPEX Station when a single USB drive is inserted. Shredding a device means writing random bytes to each sector of the device to make the potential recovery of information harder.

Note: bitlocker drives cannot be shredded at the moment because IMPEX cannot re-create the bitlocker container. If a device has a bitlocker container on it, the shred-button will not be shown. Until this is resolved we recommend changing the bitlocker password to something very long which is practically the same as shredding it.

Show Scan Option

Enable this option if there is a use case for only scanning devices without transfer. When enabled a Scan button appears on the IMPEX Station when a USB device is inserted. Single scan results are also uploaded to the ICC (if the “Upload File Meta” is enabled) and a receipt is printed if a printer is attached and enabled.

Disable transfer mode

Transfer mode is enabled by default and allows users to scan a device and then transfer the files to another device connected to the secondary USB port. There is no direct setting to disable transfer but the Device Filter functionality can be used to block transfers. The following Device Filter rule with empty vendor, model and serial number configuration will block transfers.

Configuration name Configuration value
NAME disable transfer
TYPE Block

Identity List Completion

If “Require Identification” is enabled there is an “Identification” step where the user needs to enter an identity using the on-screen keyboard. If this option is enabled and a Identity List has been created using the Identities view the user will be presented with a matching list of identities when starting to enter an identity using the on-screen keyboard.

Send Application Logs

The IMPEX station sends the system logs to the ICC server every night. If this checkbox is ticked, the application logs will also be uploaded. This can help greatly if SYSCTL needs to investigate an issue a customer has. The application logs contain file names and identification entered which, in some industries, should never leave the scanning station.

Screensaver timeout

Screensaver timeout in minutes, setting it to 0 disables it. This makes the initial start screen dim out if no one interacts with the screen in the configured time period.

Lock station

Enable this to lock the IMPEX station interface so that only users who identify themselves can use it. At the moment only unlocking with NFC UID is supported. The coupled identity will then be “logged into” the station and the “identification” field of the coupled identity will be automatically used for the identification step.

Unlocking with NFC PIV or AD username and password can be added on customer demand.

Hide Network Information

By default the stations have a Network Status tab under System Settings that show detailed information about IP addresses, DNS and gateway information. Enable this setting if that is not the desired behavior. Note that if the station has been offline for more than one hour, the network information will automatically be shown again to help in troubleshooting.

Malware Alerts

Enter a comma separated list of email addresses that should get an alert email if a malware was found in a scan. This will use the SMTP settings entered under the “Server Settings” menu. When set, emails like below will be sent.

Malware alert{#id .class height=300px}

Offline Monitoring

A mail will be sent to the email specified on the SMTP Settings card (Station Offline Mail To) if a station using the configuration is offline for six hours or more.

Quarantine Files

When set, files containing malware will be uploaded to the ICC and will be available in the Quarantine View for further analysis.

Pause system updates until

Setting this will pause stations fetching operating system updates until the set date.

Pause engine updates until

Setting this will pause stations fetching Anti Virus Engine signature updates until the set date.


Specify which timezone the connected stations are to use.

ICC Server

In case an IMPEX Station is moved or for some other reason should point to another ICC Server, this is where this is changed.

The proxy server configuration. E.g. “http://proxy.tld:3128”

Device Filter Set

This is a drop-down list of the available USB Device Block/Allow Filters. By default all USB storage devices are allowed so if nothing is chosen, nothing is blocked.

When a change has been made, “Save” must be clicked for this to be saved to the server side. Press “Close” if there is no need for saving or if you want to discard your changes.

The settings get picked up by the IMPEX stations the next time they poll which is configurable per station. See the station setting “Current Task”.

File Filter Set

This is a drop-down list of the available file filter sets. File Filters are useful for collecting sets of files that should never be marked as malware. See the file filter chapter on how to create and maintain these sets.

Advanced settings

On the configuration card there is also a “Show advanced settings” sub menu which when it gets expanded has additional settings which normally should not be changed.

UDEV Rules Enabled

To make sure nothing else than USB Storage Devices can be attached to the IMPEX Station there are Linux UDEV rules which can be activated, making it impossible to connect a keyboard or, more importantly, do any kind of rubber-duck4 attack. If you change this variable you need to reboot the station for it to take effect.

Receipt type

The default receipt printed when receipt printing is turned on includes:

If any malware is found during the scan, details about the malware is added to the receipt:

Then there is another receipt type that is called full file listing that can be chosen that includes all of the above but also adds a complete listing of all scanned files together with checksums of each file. This can lead to very long printed receipts which is why it is not turned on by default. This option can be useful for example when shipping software to customers and including proof it was scanned and a full file listing with checksums of files included in the shipment. There is currently a limit on 1000 files.

Email scan report type

Normally the email that gets sent on a scan only contains basic information on the scan. Potentially sensitive information like file names are not included. By changing this setting one can get a PDF report attached to the email or a PDF report and a zipped CSV file with all the files scanned. These are just like the reports one can download from the Scan view.

The PDF report, due to resource limitations, contains a maximum of 1000 files. Files with malware hits will be included first to ensure that they are included even if the scan contains more than 1000 files.

The CSV report, due to size limitations, will only be produced and attached if the amount of files are below or equal to 800 000.

Device Filters


IMPEX supports blocking USB devices on vendor, model and serial numbers. Wildcards can be used. One can define rules that override blocking rules or vice versa. IMPEX uses Rule Sets to organize rules into groups where the last matching rule takes precedence.


On the configuration card one attaches a Device Filter. These are created on the Device Filters page.

Block/Allow Rule Sets

A set is a grouping of rules where the implicit first rule is to allow all USB storage devices. To create a new set, click the button “Create Rule Set” on the top right side, give it a name and then save it by pressing the Save button. To get to the rules view click the “Manage Rules” button next to the “Create Rule Set” button.

A set can also include another set making it easier to maintain one set of blocked devices for example that all other sets can inherit from.

To add a device filter set to a configuration, edit the configuration and select the device filter set from the dropdown.



In the Manage Rules view one can create Block or Allow rules matching on USB serial ID, USB vendor and USB model name. Each field can contain wild cards and an empty field is the same as a wild card. One can choose to apply a rule for the left, right or both sides. One can also choose to apply the rule only to the source or target side which only means something after an action has been chosen, like for example “Format device” in which case the target rules apply.

It should be noted that the Device Filter feature is only for USB storage devices, not for files. For that one should use the Exceptions-feature.

An example rule set in edit mode:

A rule set in edit mode

The USB Device filter rules and rule sets get fetched by the IMPEX station each time it polls its configuration.

Evaluation order

Evaluation order is: first the rules in the actual set and then the other included sets from the top down. See example below where the ruleset assigned to the station is “Blocked USB Drives 2021” with id 2.


order rulename
1 “20210101 drive #1”
2 “op #523 usb drive”
3 “Super Safe Vendor USB”
4 “USB drive #1”
5 “Another USB drive #2”
6 “yet another drive #3”
7 “another #4”
8 “another #5”

File Filters

If a scan engine detects a malicious file but it should be allowed, a file filter rule can be created to ensure the file passes the scan.

On ICC the scan will show that a file filter rule matched and the file linked to that scan will have information about the malware name and which file filter rule that matched.

File filter match in a scan operation listing Three file filter rules matches found in a scan

File view with details File details with a file filter rule match

Adding a file filter rule

Click “Manage Rules” in the File Filters view.

Requirements for a file filter rule is a name and a valid sha256sum, the description field is optional.

Create file filter rule view

Adding a file filter set

Click “Create Rule Set” in the File Filters view.

To add a file filter rule to a set, select the rule from the dropdown and press the “Add selected rule” button. It is possible to have multiple rules in a set.

It is not yet possible to include other File Filter Sets in another set but it is a planned feature.

Create file filter set

To add a file filter set to a configuration, edit the configuration and select the file filter set from the dropdown.

Station Identities

The “Identification” step on the IMPEX Station is when a user uses the on-screen keyboard to enter an email address, a name or a work-order item number. In the case that “Identity list completion” has been enabled for a station the list of identities on this page is used for completion on the stations.

Identity list

There is nothing special about the identity entry, it can contain any string, it does not have to be an email address. Note that if the identity wants to receive scan reports through email, the entry must be an email address.

To create a new identity, click “Create Identity” on the top right.

The identity list is fetched by the IMPEX stations each time they poll their configuration if the configuration card has the identity list completion checkbox checked.

If the station is a Gen2 IMPEX station, it also has support for unlocking a station with a NFC token. The UID of the token can then be coupled with an identity by adding the UID to the identity. The last unknown NFC UID seen by a station is logged and added to the “Station” details view to assist in coupling a NFC token to an identity.

Support Contact

If a support contact is created and selected in the Configuration, it will be visible under the Support tab on the station in the Settings page. This might be useful for organizations where the users of the station might not be aware of whom to contact in case of problems or questions.

The support contact can be set per configuration card which makes it possible to have different support contacts per organization unit.

The process to add a support contact is the same as adding a user identity, except making sure the “Support contact” checkbox is checked.

Link the support contact to the configuration and the IMPEX station will list that contact on the System Configurations view under the Support tab.

Server Settings

The server settings page contains a separate card for each ICC server setting that can be changed.

Setting cards

SMTP Settings card

Mail From

This field should have the address from where an email should come from, like If there is no @ in the address, the SMTP Server Host will be appended as the hostname in the From address.

Station Offline Mail To

On the Configuration edit card side one can choose to monitor for a station going offline. This field should contain the email address that is to receive the offline email alerts. Multiple email addresses can be added, use a comma to separate them.

SMTP Server Host

This hostname needs to be resolvable by the ICC server but it can also be an IP address

SMTP Server Port

The port of the SMTP server, for example 25

SMTP Server Username

If the SMTP server requires authentication, enter its username here

SMTP Server Password

If the SMTP server requires authentication, enter its password here

Require TLS

If the server requires TLS, mark this checkbox

Last Error Logs

Any errors that occur during mail sending using this SMTP server will be shown here. There might also be error messages in the ICC syslog.

Known issues

When editing the card and entering an email for sending a test email the last error log will not be updated. Reload the page to see the result.

Repository card

This card controls which repository server the ICC server should fetch its updates from. The settings entered here are used by the update program which runs once per day. Incorrect information entered here will stop the ICC server from getting updates for itself, the operating system and Anti Virus definitions updates from upstream.

After entering information here, please use the Test Connection Now button to verify that you entered it correctly and that no proxy or firewall is blocking the connection. This information will automatically by shared with the stations so that they can fetch updates using the same settings.

ICC is repository

If the ICC is also a repository it will be noted here.

Server (FQDN)

The upstream repository that the server will use.


Optionally proxy to use, for example http://proxy.tld:3128


The username used for authentication to the upstream repository.


The password used for authentication to the upstream repository.

ICC Signify card

The ICC server has its own signing key that all stations connected to it trusts. Bundles listed here are signed by that key. To use a bundle, download the zip file and unzip it on a USB drive. Make sure the files are unpacked at the root and not in a subdirectory. For example, the network bundle listed below contains two files, SHA256.sig and, they need to be in the root directory and not in a sub directory.

When inserting a USB drive in a station, the station will detect the signed bundle and a new button will show for running the signed bundle.

Station network edit

This bundle when used will make it possible to change network settings on the stations. Note that the bundle is restricted to only run on the stations connected to the ICC and is only valid for a week. The bundle gets re-generated every Monday morning. This precaution is there to make sure a misplaced USB drive cannot be misused.

Station registration settings

IMPEX stations need to register with their ICC so they can be configured and managed. The registration process is

Anyone can send a registration attempt and to limit the exposure the ICC only accepts 10 registrations per default. It is also recommended to turn off the registration process once all IMPEX stations planned for are connected.

Open for new registrations

This is by default true but it is recommended to turn it off after all IMPEX stations planned for are registered.

Max open registrations

This is the maximum number of simultaneous stations that can connect to the registration API on the ICC server. This is not the maximum number of stations that can be connected to the ICC server.

This is by default 10 to avoid someone abusing the registration process being able to fill the database.

Blocked IP addresses

If, during the deployment of new stations, someone or something is filling up the registration slots, it can be blocked by adding it to a comma separated list of IP addresses like in the placeholder example.

NTP servers

This card allows you to configure time sources to set the server time. The ICC supports up to three different NTP servers. The values for each server can be either IPv4, IPv6 or FQDN.

DNS server

This card allows you to configure DNS servers to allow the ICC to do name resolution. The ICC supports up to three different DNS servers. The values can be either IPv4 or IPv6 addresses.


This card allows you to configure a remote syslog server which the ICC will send syslog messages to.

Syslog format

By default ICC only logs that malware has been found and a link to the scan for further information.

Oct 24 12:40:16 icc journal: ICC WARNING [log:15] Station detected malware (https://icc//v/operations?byId=20)

For a more detailed log-message when malware is found, change the dropdown under syslog format from default to JSON malware alert. This will result in the following json log message. Note that newlines have been added here for readability.

Syslog format{#id .class height=300px width=291px}

Oct 24 12:40:16 icc journal: ICC INFO [malware_alert:473]
  "sha256": "9C891EDB5DA763398969B6AAA86A5D46971BD28A455B20C2067CB512C9F9A0F8",
  "filename": "/malware.ex_",
  "engines": {
    "F-PROT": "W32/Stuxnet.A.gen!Eldorado (generic, not disinfectable)",
    "ikarus": "Trojan.Win32.Stuxnet",
    "F-Secure": "Trojan.TR/Drop.Stuxnet.A",
    "ESET": "Win32/Stuxnet.A worm",
    "ClamAV": "Win.Worm.Stuxnet-11",
    "Sophos": "Troj/Stuxnet-A",
    "Comodo": "Worm.Win32.Stuxnet.a"
  "hostname": "",
  "identification": ""


The remote server, the value can either be IPv4, IPv6 or FQDN.


The remote port which the remote server will use to receive the syslog messages.


The protocol which the remote server will use to receive the syslog message. This can either be TCP or UDP.


YARA is a tool designed to help malware researchers identify and classify malware samples. It has been called the pattern-matching Swiss Army knife for security researchers and others.


Yara is a powerful tool aimed at, but not limited to, detecting malware based on analysis of file content. It uses rule files that can contain simple or advanced rules to match almost any pattern. These rule files are then used by Yara to match patterns in files.

It can for example be used to detect office documents containing certain words, exe files with specific embedded strings or obfuscated IP addresses in data files. Many threat hunting and forensics teams share IOC, Indicators Of Compromise, that can be used in writing Yara rule files to detect any threats being brought into your organization through USB drives.

Yara rule language

Yara uses a domain specific programming language to express patterns and conditions that apply to search patterns in rules.

Rules in yara are generally composed of two distinct sections - string definitions and conditions.

An example of how a yara rule look can be see below

rule ExampleRule
        $my_text_string = "text here"
        $my_hex_string = { E2 34 A1 C8 23 FB }

        $my_text_string or $my_hex_string

A more complete example can look like this, where more keywords are used:

rule silent_banker : banker
        description = "This is just an example"
        author = "yara documentation"
        date = "2022-02-02"
        threat_level = 3
        in_the_wild = true

        $a = {6A 40 68 00 30 00 00 6A 14 8D 91}
        $b = {8D 4D B0 2B C1 83 C0 27 99 6A 4E 59 F7 F9}

        2 of ($a,$b,$c) and filesize > 100KB

If you plan to write yara rules for use with Impex, see the section on Custom yara rules and see the references listed in the resource section.

Yara in Impex

By adding Yara in Impex it brings several capabilities:

Enabling Yara

To make use of Yara in the IMPEX solution, make sure the Yara engine is enabled in the configuration card your stations use. It is listed in the Engines on the Configuration card.

Yara view in ICC

On the Yara view page one can upload custom yara rule files.

The rule name will be prefixed with “customer_” automatically by ICC to avoid clashes with sysctl-provided rule files potentially already present.

Listing of yara rules

After a yara rule has been uploaded to ICC it will automatically be evaluated and if it is valid. If not, it is clearly marked with an error message. If it is valid, it can then be enabled by clicking the enable button.

When such a rule matches a file being scanned it will be marked as malicious and the malware name will be “customer_$YOUR_RULE_NAME”.

It is possible to view the content of a Yara rule on the server by clicking on the “Details” button associated with a specific rule. See the example below

View yara rule content

Files view in ICC

In the file listing view on the ICC server, files scanned and detected by yara rules are explicitly marked as such.

Curated Yara rules

There might already be rules present provided by sysctl.

Curated Yara rules in Impex:

Custom Yara rules

Custom rules can perform checks for specific file content, for files that are prohibited by local policies, etc.

We encourage you to write your own rules and use them with Impex.

Custom Yara rules in Impex:

Please note that it is possible to write rules that have a huge performance impact on the Impex scanning. For Impex users that plan to write custom rules, we recommend that you read and understand the content of the Yara performance guidelines to avoid writing problematic rules. A reference to this document is listed under resources.

Implementation notes


Currently, Yara rules can only be used to deny or block files on an USB Protect or DataLock.


Read more about yara and writing yara rules:

A good article on yara rules:

Another easy to read article on how yara rules are written:

A collection of yara performance guidelines:

A description on how to write efficient yara rules:

A good collection of existing yara rules - Yara Rules Repository Curated by the Yara Rules Project - that can be uploaded to ICC, or used as inspiration for writing own rules:

Another collection of existing yara rules that can be uploaded to ICC:


The ICC server also manages DataLock stations.

A DataLock is similar to USB Protect in functionality, but the latter works on mobile media and the previous one works with network file transports. The USB Protect is a physical kiosk computer but the DataLock is a server component providing the scanning and checking as a service on the network.

Please note - views for management of the DataLock are visible in the menus in ICC, even if you have not installed any DataLocks. Contact sysctl if you want to procure licenses for DataLock to use in your environment.

A DataLock is a service running on a scanning appliance (physical or virtual) that accepts uploads via a network protocol. When files have been uploaded the service checksums, audits and scans them and then, together with a signed report, if all checks are cleared, the DataLock sends the files onward to a customer server according to the configuration. If any AV or YARA rule is triggered, a signed report is produced and then only that gets sent onward. Malicious files can be sent to the quarantine, depending on ICC settings for that specific DataLock.

Configuration of DataLock

In the DataLock part of the management server ICC, there are two views which are used to set up and configure how files are managed in the DataLock. One view is called ‘flows’ and the other is called ‘users’ or ‘ssh keys’.

The DataLock station will allow a user to upload files to be scanned and then, depending on which flow the user/key belongs to, the scanned files (and the scan report) will be uploaded to the destination folder on the destination host.

Below we describe the flow and user/key view in more detail.

Flow view

The first view, called DataLock Flows, is used to set up the flow from when files are received by the Impex DataLock and, if all checks are cleared, the files are forwarded onto a destination. Here you can see all existing flows as well as create new flows or delete obsolete ones.

The picture below shows the Flows view. As can be seen from the example in the screen dump, we have different users, on different destination IP:s and different target directories. Also seen in the example is that some of the flows have multiple SSH keys associated with them. In those cases multiple sources can upload files to be sent through a flow to a specific destination.

DataLock flows

To create a new flow, in the flow view, as an Impex administrator select and enter

In the screen dump that shows flow key details, we see more details about a specific SSH key that is used within one of the flows. Here we see the name of the key, the fingerprint of the key and finally the actual public key.

Flow key detail

Clicking a listed authentication key belonging to a flow expands the view making it possible to see more details of the authentication entry for the relevant flow.

User/SSH-Key view

Before an authentication method can be used, related info needs to be created in the other view of the DataLock - the users pane. The user pane lists all authentication information uploaded into the DataLock, such as SSH keys for specific users. Click the “Manage SSH Keys” in the upper right corner to get there.

In this part of the window, you will upload an SSH key to be stored on the ICC which then gets distributed automatically to the correct DataLock.

In the example below, you see a screen dump of the popup window that is displayed and where you can paste your public ssh key and connect it to a Flow and an identity (a Contact). If the contact has an email address in its identification field one can get automatic can reports sent to it if that is enabled in the configuration card.

Upload SSH keys

NB - Make sure that the public SSH key is used, not a private SSH key. If you have a Linux or Unix server, the files are normally located in the directory .ssh in the user’s home directory. In that directory, you copy the content from the file that contains the extension ‘.pub’, for example ‘’.

Flow errors

In case the upload to the remote destinations fails, the flow configuration affected will show the latest error message to help in debugging.

Flow destination error

The upload to the remote destination will be re-attempted with an exponential back-off time. If the flow configuration is changed the back-off time will be reset. First retry will be after 10 seconds and then 20, 40, 80 seconds and so on. After 48 hours the upload will be canceled and files on disk will be removed. This is to avoid filling the internal disk.

The flow error will be shown for one hour even if the upload starts working again. This is to make sure intermittent errors are not missed.

DataLock Station

In the ICC platform, it is possible to manage both classic USB Protect stations and DataLocks side by side.

In the following picture we see both a USB Protect station and a DataLock. The green arrows added to the screenshot show the icons that help in telling them apart. The first icon is a DataLock in a network and the other icon is an USB Protect station. Choosing names and having a better description that in this example is also recommended.

Icc station view

In the following picture, we zoom in (click) on the Impex DataLock and see the DataLock specific configuration items in the configuration card.

DataLock Station view

Each DataLock station has its own public ssh key. To configure the remote server to allow the station to upload scans one downloads the SSH public key for the station from the station card and puts it into the remote servers ~user/.ssh/authorized_keys file. After this the station can upload scanned files to the destination server. Configuring different remote destinations is done in the DataLock Flows view.


One thing that gets created automatically in the DataLock is electronic receipts. The receipt is also electronically signed and that signature is stored as a detached signature in a separate file. These newly created files get forwarded to the destination host as part of the flow.

By having these electronic receipts, it is possible to perform some checks and controls that files have been scanned and that the files were not manipulated during the transit. The receipt and the detached signature is extra useful if the destination is behind a Data Diode. This allows the DataLock to communicate with the receiving part behind the data diode, even if files are blocked because of malicious content. That way the receiving end can detect that files were sent, but blocked on route to the destination.

Receipts: Left example of passed and right example of not passed

The reports produced are signed with the station SSH private key and can be verified by using for example a common tool like OpenSSL:

openssl dgst -verify station_pub_key.pem -signature report.sig report.pdf

which will print “Verified OK” if the signature matches.

SSH keys

In the screendump below you see a view of when multiple users have had their keys uploaded to the ICC, which in turn forward the relevant keys to the DataLock that will use the keys for authentication purposes.

SSH keys for upload

The ssh public keys uploaded here will be downloaded by each DataLock station and controls who may upload files for scanning.

DataLock uses the SSH keys for authentication and require the username “datalock”.

Some examples of usage:

$ sftp -i privkey.key datalock@datalock-ip
Connected to datalock.
sftp> put /home/user/Downloads/WannaCry2.exe
Uploading /home/user/Downloads/WannaCry2.exe to /WannaCry2.exe
WannaCry2.exe                                     100% 5144KB 165.7MB/s   00:00
sftp> quit
$ scp -i vagrant/datalock.key -r somefiles datalock@datalock-ip:
WannaCry2.exe                                     100% 5144KB 227.1MB/s   00:00
Behörighet - kopiera nycklar.odt                  100%   73KB 111.7MB/s   00:00

SSH key generation in Microsoft Windows

To generate a new SSH key on a recent Windows machine, open a terminal and type ssh-keygen and choose a name for the key.

Please note: when prompted for a passphrase you need to decide if this is a SSH key that will be used by a script in a M2M scenario, in which you might not be able to use a passphrase on the key. There are ways to protect and store the private SSH keys in a secure way in M2M scenarios as well, but that often require additional products or additional hardware.

An example of how this is done is shown in the next screendump.

SSH key generation using ssh-keygen

Upload the public version of the key to the ICC and then use the built in sftp client to upload files to the station or a graphical client like WinSCP5.

An example of how this is done with the command line variant of sftp is shown in the next screendump. Please note that the ‘-i’ option is used to select the correct SSH key associated with this flow

File uploads to the Impex DataLock using the command line tool sftp

An example of how the public SSH key is uploaded is done with the WinSCP variant which contains a GUI is shown in the next screendump.

File uploads to the Impex DataLock using the WinSCP GUI tool on Windows

Alternative to Microsoft Windows sftp client

Note: the default Microsoft sftp is quite old and we recommend installing a newer OpenSSH using winget:

c:\> winget install Microsoft.OpenSSH.Beta

Datalock operations

Scans being done by a DataLock will appear as a “Network” operation in the operations view in the ICC. Clicking that operation will show more detailed information on that specific event, like source IP adddress, ports, SSH keys and destination flow used.

In the screendump below, there is an example of the ICC operations view where a Network event is highlighted with a dark green arrow. Light green arrows highlight other record types, e.g. transfer or format.

Operations log - scan records from DataLock highlighted with dark green arrow


File sizes

Problem with transferred files that is of certain sizes will most probably be traced to the size of the hard disk partitions used by Impex to store the files as they are intermediary stored before forwarded to the destination. Make sure that correct capacity planning for the disk size is performed as part of setting up the DataLock.

Supported protocols

The current version of the DataLock only supports file transfers via SSH (sftp and scp). Other protocols will be available in later releases.

DataLock does not allow interactive login with SSH.

Variants of the SFTP protocol

The SSH protocol exists in variants. Impex DataLock uses a newer version of the SSH protocol allowing it to use both the SFTP and SCP of the SSH protocol. Older implementations of SCP might not work with the new SSH server. There are 2 workarounds:

1. Upgrade to a newer version of SSH with a modern SCP implementation on the client. 
2. Use SFTP instead of SCP on that client computer.


Impex DataLock performance is heavily dependent on multiple issues:

In the end, the performance or latency is dependent on the above mix of tasks and preconditions. It is important to understand your setup and your use case to optimize the actual performance of a flow.

Consult with sysctl if you have questions or issues on how to optimize your setup.


The quarantine view is for looking at quarantined files and searching older scans for the same checksums and downloading files for further investigations.

Files that have been categorized as “malware” can be quarantined in the ICC, which has a dedicated quarantine area. Files are only uploaded to the quarantine if the option “Quarantine Files” has been enabled in the configuration for the specific Impex Station or Impex DataLock.


Quarantine view

In the quarantine view, it is possible to see which USB Protect or DataLock detected the malware, and which date and time it was detected.

Clicking “Find files by checksum” link will search through all earlier scanned files to see if this malware got though earlier, for example before the Anti Virus started detecting it. In the image below one can see an example like that where the scan in operation 9 did not flag this file as malware but a later scan operation with id 12, did.

Download files from the quarantine

In the quarantine view, it is possible to download a copy of the quarantined file. This is useful if a file is to be further examined by other tools or other persons.

The downloaded quarantined files are saved as zipped and password protected files with the password “infected”. This is an industry accepted password which is a ‘standard’ password used in the security business for storing malware in zip files.

The name of the downloaded file consist of four parts:

PLEASE NOTE: The zipped file is not ending with file extension “.zip”

Find files by checksum

Find files by checksum

To find the scan that the quarantined file came from, click “Find files by checksum” and then expand the file view and click on the number in the Operation ID column.


By default, Impex only uploads up to a maximum of 100 Mb of a file. If a file is larger than 100 Mb, the first 100 Mb is uploaded as a truncated file.

PLEASE NOTE: When the file is truncated the actual checksum of the uploaded file is different from the original file. We are showing the original checksum in the quarantine view

Files in the quarantine are retained for 90 days, or if the space in the quarantine has grown over 10Gb, the oldest files are purged to make space.

Reset sides (USB ports)

To reset which USB port is on which side on an Impex station first note what the current task is set to, this will be the interval to wait before the sides are reset.

Choose Reset Sides in the drop down menu and save. After the Reset Sides task is run, it will default back to the previous task.

After the sides have been reset they need to be configured again on the Impex station. To configure the ports just plug in an USB drive in the desired port and choose left or right. Then you need to pull out the USB drive and insert it before the change takes effect.


The ICC logs to the syslog facility local6 which ends up in the system journal.

The log messages can be categorized into audit logs, operation log and action logs forwarded from the stations.

System log message format

The ICC follows RFC5424 and uses the following format for logs.


The ICC MESSAGE format(“message string”)

"ICC Priorities [Function_name:Line_number] Function_message"
Name (string) Symbolic value

Log example: Station GET global Yara rules

Dec 24 15:00:00 icc journal: ICC INFO [__call__:58] [200] \
0HrPLzYVZyrH6qgFBp0J7zJVN1V7Ue@ GET /yara/global (0 bytes) took 0.263s, \
returning 0 bytes

The Function message string: “[200] 0HrPLzYVZyrH6qgFBp0J7zJVN1V7Ue@ GET /yara/global (0 bytes) took 0.263s, returning 0 bytes”:

Malware alert log

When a scan is uploaded with a malware alert the following is logged to syslog by default:

Dec 24 15:00:00 icc journal: ICC WARNING [ICC:14] Station detected malware (https://icc.domain.tld/v/operations?byId=2)

The message includes a link to the actual scan operation report on the ICC. It will not include any sensitive information about the individual or devices involved in the scan.

This log message can be changed to a json message with more extensive information on the file and malware found under Server Settings -> Syslog format.

Station action logs

The ICC receive action logging from the stations and forward these to syslog. Note that these can contain sensitive information like device serial numbers and the identification field. These logs have the following format:

$date $hostname $application: ICC $level_name [$function_name:$line_number] $message

Here are some examples of log output for different actions. Note that instead of parsing these logs one can use the JSON API instead. The examples below also contain curl examples for making REST API queries to get the logged object.

Format device action

This is what gets logged to syslog when a user formats a device on station 1.

Mar 25 08:03:07 icc journal: ICC INFO [post:996] station 1 (Mon Mar 25 09:00:14 2024): \
  user with identification "" initiating "format"
Mar 25 08:03:07 icc journal: ICC INFO [post:996] station 1 (Mon Mar 25 09:00:14 2024): \
  starting formatting /dev/sda (filesystem: vfat, size: 1048576)
Mar 25 08:03:07 icc journal: ICC INFO [post:996] station 1 (Mon Mar 25 09:00:15 2024): action "format" finished
Mar 25 08:03:07 icc journal: ICC INFO [perform_create:1420] Format uploaded: id=432, operation_type=format, \
  machine_id_id=1, created=2024-03-25 08:03:07.118425+00:00, start_time=2024-03-25 08:00:14+00:00, \
  end_time=2024-03-25 08:00:15+00:00, usb_source_serial=1-0000:00:01.2-1, usb_source_vendor=QEMU, \
  usb_source_model=QEMU HARDDISK, usb_source_filesystem=vfat, uuid=f3a9a39a-f863-431e-9877-5180727b00b2, \
  impex_version=4.0.0, is_format=True
$ curl -s -u admin:xxxxxx |jq
  "count": 1,
  "next": null,
  "previous": null,
  "results": [
      "id": 10,
      "created": "2021-09-21T08:40:53.708554-05:00",
      "start_time": "2021-09-21T10:40:47-05:00",
      "end_time": "2021-09-21T10:40:50-05:00",
      "execution_time_sec": 3,
      "usb_source_serial": "1-0000:00:01.2-2",
      "usb_source_vendor": "QEMU",
      "usb_source_model": "QEMU HARDDISK",
      "usb_source_filesystem": "vfat",
      "usb_source_bitlocker": false,       
      "uuid": "86A43574-1AE1-11EC-92EF-04F2748B3DCD",
      "identification": "åäääåå",
      "impex_version": "2.5.0",
      "is_format": true,
      "is_shred": false,
      "machine_id": 1

Shred device action

This is what gets logged to syslog when a user shreds a device on station 1.

Mar 25 08:26:04 icc journal: ICC INFO [post:996] station 1 (Mon Mar 25 09:25:53 2024): \
  user with identification "" initiating "shred"
Mar 25 08:26:05 icc journal: ICC INFO [post:996] station 1 (Mon Mar 25 09:25:53 2024): starting shredding /dev/sda
Mar 25 08:26:05 icc journal: ICC INFO [post:996] station 1 (Mon Mar 25 09:25:54 2024): \
  starting formatting /dev/sda (filesystem: vfat, size: 1048576)
Mar 25 08:26:05 icc journal: ICC INFO [post:996] station 1 (Mon Mar 25 09:25:55 2024): action "shred" finished
Mar 25 08:26:04 icc journal: ICC INFO [perform_create:1418] Shred and format uploaded: id=434, \
  operation_type=shred, machine_id_id=1, created=2024-03-25 08:26:04.810912+00:00, \
  start_time=2024-03-25 08:25:53+00:00, end_time=2024-03-25 08:25:55+00:00, \
  usb_source_serial=1-0000:00:01.2-1, usb_source_vendor=QEMU, usb_source_model=QEMU HARDDISK, \
  usb_source_filesystem=vfat, uuid=73fc6055-84d2-4e50-96f1-c12c4e397687, impex_version=4.0.0, \
  is_format=True, is_shred=True
$ curl -s -u admin:xxxxxx |jq
  "count": 1,
  "next": null,
  "previous": null,
  "results": [
      "id": 11,
      "created": "2021-09-21T08:40:32.527276-05:00",
      "start_time": "2021-09-21T10:40:20-05:00",
      "end_time": "2021-09-21T10:40:26-05:00",
      "execution_time_sec": 6,
      "usb_source_serial": "1-0000:00:01.2-1",
      "usb_source_vendor": "QEMU",
      "usb_source_model": "QEMU HARDDISK",
      "usb_source_filesystem": "ext3",
      "usb_source_bitlocker": false,
      "uuid": "7689CA6E-1AE1-11EC-AD4E-CEF1748B3DCD",
      "identification": "öööööö",
      "impex_version": "2.5.0",
      "is_format": true,
      "is_shred": true,
      "machine_id": 1

Scan action

This is what gets logged to syslog when a user makes a scan and transfer on station 1.

Mar 25 08:40:10 icc journal: ICC INFO [post] station 1 (Mon Mar 25 09:40:08 2024): \
  user with identification "" initiating "transfer"
Mar 25 08:40:11 icc journal: ICC INFO [post] station 1 (Mon Mar 25 09:40:09 2024): scan: ikarus is enabled, using it
Mar 25 08:40:11 icc journal: ICC INFO [post] station 1 (Mon Mar 25 09:40:09 2024): scan: yara is enabled, using it
Mar 25 08:40:11 icc journal: ICC INFO [post] station 1 (Mon Mar 25 09:40:09 2024): scan: ClamAV is enabled, using it
Mar 25 08:40:11 icc journal: ICC INFO [post] station 1 (Mon Mar 25 09:40:09 2024): scan: F-PROT is enabled, using it
Mar 25 08:40:12 icc journal: ICC INFO [post] station 1 (Mon Mar 25 09:40:09 2024): scan: F-Secure is enabled, using it
Mar 25 08:40:12 icc journal: ICC INFO [post] station 1 (Mon Mar 25 09:40:09 2024): scan: Sophos is enabled, using it
Mar 25 08:40:12 icc journal: ICC INFO [post] station 1 (Mon Mar 25 09:40:09 2024): scan: Comodo is enabled, using it
Mar 25 08:40:12 icc journal: ICC INFO [post] station 1 (Mon Mar 25 09:40:09 2024): scan: ESET is enabled, using it
Mar 25 08:40:13 icc journal: ICC INFO [post] station 1 (Mon Mar 25 09:40:09 2024): \
  scan: waiting for checksum calculations to finish..
Mar 25 08:40:30 icc journal: ICC INFO [send_scan_report:877] Scan uploaded: id=436, operation_type=transfer, \
  machine_id_id=1, created=2024-03-25 08:40:30.452667+00:00, files_count=1, total_size=81856, \
  start_time=2024-03-25 08:40:09+00:00, end_time=2024-03-25 08:40:19+00:00, execution_time_sec=10, \
  usb_source_serial=1-0000:00:01.2-1, usb_source_vendor=QEMU, usb_source_model=QEMU HARDDISK, \
  usb_source_filesystem=vfat, usb_target_serial=1-0000:00:01.2-2, usb_target_vendor=QEMU, \
  usb_target_model=QEMU HARDDISK, usb_target_filesystem=vfat, uuid=8b936b36-a152-42b0-871b-7ff703cffdcb, \
  impex_version=4.0.0, av_info=ikarus,6.2.7,,106907,Mon Mar 25 08:22:59 UTC 2024|yara,4.1.3,,,\
  Mon Mar 25 08:03:06 UTC 2024|ClamAV,0.103.11,,27224,Mon Mar 25 08:24:09 UTC 2024|F-PROT,,,\,Wed Aug 11 06:29:55 UTC 2021|F-Secure,2.50 20576,,2024-03-22_07,Fri Mar 22 12:08:22 UTC 2024|\
  Sophos,5.74.0,,6.06,Thu Mar 14 14:30:23 UTC 2024|Comodo,1.1.268025.1,,,
  Thu Mar 14 14:30:19 UTC 2024|ESET,,,28950,Mon Mar 25 08:31:31 UTC 2024
Mar 25 08:40:30 icc journal: ICC INFO [post] station 1 (Mon Mar 25 09:40:10 2024): scan: checksums are done
Mar 25 08:40:30 icc journal: ICC INFO [post] station 1 (Mon Mar 25 09:40:19 2024): scan finished, found 0 malware
Mar 25 08:40:30 icc journal: ICC INFO [post] station 1 (Mon Mar 25 09:40:24 2024): action "transfer" finished

$ curl -s -u admin:xxxxxxx |jq
  "count": 1,
  "next": null,
  "previous": null,
  "results": [
      "id": 12,
      "created": "2021-09-21T08:39:50.071342-05:00",
      "files_count": 1,
      "malware_count": 0,
      "total_size": 81856,
      "start_time": "2021-09-21T10:38:49-05:00",
      "end_time": "2021-09-21T10:39:48-05:00",
      "execution_time_sec": 59,
      "usb_source_serial": "1-0000:00:01.2-2",
      "usb_source_vendor": "QEMU",
      "usb_source_model": "DYSF",
      "usb_source_filesystem": "vfat",
      "usb_source_bitlocker": false,
      "usb_target_serial": "1-0000:00:01.2-1",
      "usb_target_vendor": "QEMU",
      "usb_target_model": "HARDDISK",
      "usb_target_filesystem": "ext3",
      "usb_target_bitlocker": false,
      "uuid": "407C2A52-1AE1-11EC-BC83-3FF1748B3DCD",
      "identification": "",
      "impex_version": "2.5.0",
      "exception_count": 0,
      "av_info": "F-PROT,,,,2021-09-11 00:17:41|yara,4.1.0,,,2021-09-21 13:58:31|\
                  Comodo,1.1.268025.1,,,2021-09-20 11:22:09|F-Secure,1.0 build 0069,,2021-09-21_01,\
                  2021-09-21 10:24:04|ESET,,,,2021-09-21 13:36:27|\
                  ClamAV,0.103.3,,26298,2021-09-21 14:00:37|Sophos,5.74.0,,5.87,2021-09-21 13:45:36",
      "is_format": false,
      "is_shred": false,
      "machine_id": 1

Further, getting the files for that scan can be done with

$ curl -s -u admin:xxxxx|jq
  "count": 1,
  "next": null,
  "previous": null,
  "results": [
      "id": 7,
      "file_name": "/jagm-testing.jpg",
      "file_size": 81856,
      "md5": "7bc36b22c88cd76eb78f06dc8753d475",
      "sha1": "5ac1cb2da7401706472d47577042dcb283936720",
      "sha256": "5896f1110e7007523919b3951dee966ee23fa5a50f4eb64df1a14b54dd33a2b0",
      "scanreport_id": 12,

Note: the logging format and object fields can change between major releases.


This chapter contains a compilation of recommended workflows when using the ICC together with IMPEX Stations. These workflows help a user to better administer the fleet of Impex devices.

Workflows described here includes:

Registering a new IMPEX Station

When a new IMPEX Station is connected it will register with the ICC but it is not enough for it to become active.

Station registration list

An administrator needs to look at the registration and approve or delete it. A station card is only created if an admin approves the registration. This is also an appropriate time to edit6 the title, location and description of the IMPEX Station to make it easier to identify. The title is automatically created from the hostname of the IMPEX Station and its IP address which in most cases is a bit too long but serves its purpose of initial identification.

To approve a station, login as user “admin” and click the “Approve” button on the top right corner after reviewing the station registration details.

It is possible, and recommended, to turn off registrations after all IMPEX stations planned for are connected. This is done in the Server Settings view.

Enabling the Scan Only feature

By default one needs to use two USB drives with the IMPEX Station. The concept being that one should use an internal easily recognisable USB drive as the target and then the external “dirty” USB drive as the source. But it is also possible to use only one side of the IMPEX Station if “Show scan option” is enabled in the configuration.

How to enable “Show scan option”:

Click on the configuration name

Show Scan Option

The “Scan Only” feature will now be active the next time the station fetches its config which depends on how often it is set to fetch its config.

View on station with "Show scan Option" enabled{#id .class height=300px}

Enabling the Format Only feature

It is possible to use the IMPEX Station to format USB drives, using any side of it. For this option to appear when a single USB drive is inserted, it needs to be enabled on the ICC for that station’s configuration. This setting is called “Show Format Option” on the configuration card.

Step by step on how to enable it for a station:

Click on the configuration name

Show Format Option

The “Format Only” feature will now be active the next time the station fetches its config which depends on how often it is set to fetch its config.

View on station with Format Only enabled{#id .class height=300px}

Create a USB device filter block and allow list

In this workflow we have a scenario where external USB devices are not allowed on the corporate network. Only a certain vendor and model is allowed and one is only allowed to bring files into the site, no exporting of files.

Device filter in navigation menu

The implicit rule is to allow all drives which means it makes sense to start with a block all rule and then add allow list rules for what is allowed. Thus we want to:

To group these rules we first need to create a rule set.

Create a set.

See and create rules

After naming the set, save it. Now we are ready to create rules for the set. Click the “Manage Rules” and then “Create Rule”.

Create Rule view

Click the create rule. Lots of fields to fill in and no room for errors, lets see what the model and vendor we want to allow is called by looking at an existing Operation done with one of the USB devices we want to allow.

Device information from an operation

Go to an existing Operation and take note of the vendor and model, in this case Samsung and Bar Plus.

Now go back to the rules page by clicking “Device Filters” in the menu and then “Manage Rules. Then create the first block all rule.

Block all rule

Then create the rule to allow all drives to be used as a source device.

Allow all as source

Now create the rule for allowing only the company drive to be the destination, target, drive.

Allow target

Fill in the model and vendor with the information that we took note of from the Operations page earlier. Now all rules have been created that we need for building our set.

Overview of all rules

Go back to device filter sets and click “Edit” on the set to update. Click “Show rule(s)” to open the list of rules and click the one to add. After that rule is selected press “Add selected” to add it to the device set7.

Add rule to set

The final rule set then looks like following (do not forget to click “Close” to make sure it gets saved):

Final rule set

To activate this ruleset for a configuration go to the configurations view and click “Edit” on the configuration to update. Select the rule set in the “Device Filters” drop down.

Selected rule set

Click “Save Config” to enable it and wait for the next time the station fetches its config for it to be active out on the scanning stations.

When a user is trying to use another target drive than the allowed one the screen will go red with a message saying it got blocked by rule 11 since that is the default block all rule we started with in our example.

Configure Email on Malware Alerts

To get email alerts the ICC server must first be able to send email via the company email server.

Configuring the SMTP Server Settings

By default the SMTP settings used are and port 25 which means the ICC server can only deliver email locally. To be able to send Malware Alerts and Reports to a company email address one needs to update these settings to point to a SMTP server that the ICC server can use to deliver the email alerts.

First off make sure the company firewalls are allowing the ICC server to connect to the mail server.

When that is done it is time to configure the ICC to use it:

Server settings

Editing settings

Error notification

Error notification

Configure Email Alerts

Now that the email server settings are correct, it is time to configure the malware alerts.

Malware notification


In case no emails are received even though a malware was found in a scan please go to the Server Settings menu and look at “Last Error Logs” for clues.

Error notification

Note that the “Not Working” label will stay on the SMTP Settings Card until an email was successfully sent. This means even if an incorrect config was fixed it will say “Not working” until a test message is sent or a malware alert email was sent.


ICC uses a REST-like JSON API which means everything one can do through the ICC GUI can also be done through the REST API.

There is no extensive documentation on the API and we reserve the right to adjust it over major releases. Also note that the REST endpoints do not go through any extensive testing. The general recommendation when scripting against the ICC is to use the Network tab in the Web Developer view in your favorite browser, do an operation manually, copy the sent JSON object and then go from there.

We will document use cases as we get customer requests for it. Below are examples of managing DataLock settings, first using curl and then a complete python script more suitable for integrating into ansible scripts and the like.

Creating DataLock flows

$ cat << EOF > flow.json
  "ip": "",
  "description": "remote machine #1",
  "username": "remoteuser",
  "directory": "uploaddir"

$ curl -uadmin:pass -d@./flow.json https://icc/network_flows/ | jq
  "id": 25,
  "ip": "",
  "username": "remoteuser",
  "description": "remote machine #1",
  "directory": "uploaddir",
  "errors": "",
  "host_key": "",
  "host_key_policy": 0

Uploading DataLock SSH keys

$ cat << EOF > key.json
  "public_key": "ecdsa-sha2-nistp256 AAAAE2VjZHNhLXNoYTItbmlzdHAyNTYAAAAIbmlzdHAyNTY 
  "name": "user key #32",
  "flow_id": 25
$ curl -uadmin:pass -H "Content-Type: application/json" -d@key.json https://icc/ssh_keys/ | jq
  "id": 29,
  "created": "2023-11-22T13:56:04.473095Z",
  "public_key": "ecdsa-sha2-nistp256 AAAAE2VjZHNhLXNoYTItbmlzdHAyNTYAAAAIbmlzdHAyNTYAAA
  "fingerprint": "SHA256:dctaZd1ci04DoZSE9ok6q35cyqmgw+Hp2zOAPhFNaiQ",
  "name": "user key #32",
  "destination_flow": null,
  "identity": null

Example python script managing DataLock flows and SSH keys

Example run:

./ admin xxxxxx icc
[*] logged in
[*] creating new flow..
[*] created flow with id 17
[*] create a new ssh key..
[*] created ssh key, uploading key attached to flow 17
[*] ssh key uploaded succesfully with key id 18
[*] create 10 ssh keys with no flow attached initially..
[*] created 10 keys with no flow, now setting flow id on them..
[*] attached 10 keys to flow 17



import os
import sys
import json
import urllib3
import tempfile
import logging
import requests

# only ignore cert warnings if you know what you are doing
# urllib3.disable_warnings()

if len(sys.argv) < 5:
    print("./program username password proxy icc")

username = sys.argv[1]
password = sys.argv[2]
proxy = sys.argv[3]
icc = sys.argv[4]

if icc.startswith("http"):
    print("wrong format on icc, read the code.. ")

if proxy.startswith("http"):
    print("wrong format on proxy, read the code.. ")

proxy = f"http://{proxy}:3128"
os.environ["HTTPS_PROXY"] = proxy

icc = f"https://{icc}/"
logindata = {"username": f"{username}", "password": f"{password}"}


def ensureOk(resp):
    if resp.status_code != 200 and resp.status_code != 201:
        print("request failed, exiting. http status code and message is:")
        print(resp.content, resp.status_code)

def getcsrftoken(session):
    resp = session.get(icc)
    content = resp.content.decode("utf-8")
    idx = content.find('csrfmiddlewaretoken" value="')
    idx += len('csrfmiddlewaretoken" value="')
    endidx = content[idx:].find('"')
    csrfmiddlewaretoken = content[idx : idx + endidx]
    return csrfmiddlewaretoken

def createSSHKey():
    path = tempfile.mkdtemp(dir="/tmp")
    os.system(f"ssh-keygen -q -t ecdsa -f {path}/foo -N ''")
    return open(f"{path}/", "r").read()

    session = requests.Session()
    # only ignore cert warnings if you know what you are doing
    # session.verify = False

    csrfmiddlewaretoken = getcsrftoken(session)

    logindata["csrfmiddlewaretoken"] = csrfmiddlewaretoken
    resp = + "login", headers={"Referer": icc}, data=logindata)
    print("[*] logged in")
    cookies = session.cookies.items()
    icc_headers = {"Referer": icc, "X-Xsrf-Token": cookies[0][1]}

    print("[*] creating new flow..")
    flow = {
        "ip": "",
        "description": "remote machine #1",
        "username": "remoteuser",
        "directory": "uploaddir",
    resp = + "network_flows/", headers=icc_headers, data=flow)
    tmp = json.loads(resp.content)
    flow_id = tmp["id"]
    print(f"[*] created flow with id {flow_id}")

    print("[*] create a new ssh key..")
    pubkey = createSSHKey()

    print(f"[*] created ssh key, uploading key attached to flow {flow_id}")

    # create ssh key json object
    key = {"destination_flow": flow_id, "name": "some key "}
    key["public_key"] = pubkey
    resp = + "ssh_keys/", headers=icc_headers, data=key)
    tmp = json.loads(resp.content)
    key_id = tmp["id"]
    print(f"[*] ssh key uploaded succesfully with key id {key_id}")

    print("[*] create 10 ssh keys with no flow attached initially..")
    keys = []
    for i in range(0, 10):
        pubkey = createSSHKey()
        # create ssh key json object
        key = {"name": f"key {i}"}
        key["public_key"] = pubkey
        resp = + "ssh_keys/", headers=icc_headers, data=key)
        tmp = json.loads(resp.content)

    print(f"[*] created 10 keys with no flow, now setting flow id on them..")
    for i in keys:
        resp = session.put(
            icc + f"ssh_keys/{i}",
            data={"destination_flow": flow_id},

    print(f"[*] attached 10 keys to flow {flow_id}")

except Exception as ex:
    print("[x] unknown failure", str(ex))
  1. CentOS 7.x or Fedora Linux 64-bit 

  2. Files tagged as malicious but explicitly allowed by a file filter rule 

  3. This can be turned off, see the Configuration chapter 

  4. A rubber-duck is a USB device which changes its mode of operation and turn itself into a keyboard, a network device and so on 

  5. GUI variant of SFTP tool for windows available here 

  6. To edit a station go to “View station” from the Station card 

  7. It is important that only one rule is added at the time to make the order correct